Last week, we updated our yearly report on "The saga of young Joe," a 24-year-old who lost his life in an alcohol related single car accident in his ’70 Buick GSX 455.
This week, we follow up with how Joe also became a statistic in the National Highway Safety Administration (NHTSA) group of fatalities filed under "distracted driving." Because Joe was answering his smart phone when he was unable to negotiate a sharp curve at high speed, he adds to the distracted driving category of accidents that has grown to over 20% of all accidents reported, both fatal and non-fatal. Sadly, these numbers are rising as the youth demographic, already addicted to texting and cell phone use, receive their driver licenses each and every year.
The NHTSA’s "distraction-affected crashes" data is very troubling. The organization lists "distracted driving" as any driver that texts, uses a cell phone or eats and drinks while driving. Other forms of distraction include excessive talking to passengers, grooming oneself and even adjusting car stereo systems.
However, NHTSA stresses that sending and receiving text messages requires visual, manual, and cognitive attention, and is by far the most alarming distraction drivers engage in regularly.
Further, NHTSA says more than an estimated 70% of teens and young people admit they have composed/sent text messages while driving and 78% of teens and young adults say they have read messages while driving. Every driver on the road today surely encounters drivers weaving on the road while using their cell phones.
Clearly texting is here to stay as people communicate via these multi-task cell phones daily. Currently, government stats include that every month some 170 billion text messages are sent in the U.S., Guam and Puerto Rico territories.
According to NHTSA, over 400,000 people were injured in motor vehicle crashes involving distracted drivers in 2019. As sobering as these numbers are, expect numbers to go higher when the 2020 stats are released even though the COVID-19 pandemic has cut down on the number of drivers on the road.
Additionally, NHTSA information indicates that driver distraction continues to be a significant problem given the difficulty of proof and a driver’s reluctance to admit texting/phone distractions, lack of witnesses or death of the driver. NHTSA believes the actual number of distracted crashes could be much higher than the estimated 400,000-plus injured in distraction-affected crashes the last few years.
The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) continues to lead the effort to stop texting and phone use while behind the wheel. Starting back in 2009, numerous national distracted driving summits have and are being held resulting in the ban of texting and cell phone use for all drivers, not just commercial as previously reported last year.
According to NHTSA, the age group that produces the highest number of distracted drivers is, not surprisingly, the under-20 driver where 16% younger than 20 involved in fatal crashes were reported to have been distracted.
Further, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that in 2019, 39% of high school students who drove in the past 30 days texted or emailed while driving on at least one of those days.
The CDC also found that texting or emailing while driving was more common among older students than younger students and more common among white students (44%) than Hispanic (35%) or Black (30%) and that texting or emailing while driving was as common among students whose grades were mostly A’s or B’s than those students with mostly C’s, D’s, or F’s in grading.
Students who texted or emailed while driving were also more likely to not wear a seatbelt and riding with a driver who had been drinking alcohol. These same students were also more likely to drive after drinking alcohol according to CDC 2019 stats.
Here are some additional facts and recommendations about distracting driving:
1. Five seconds is the average time your eyes are off the road while texting. When traveling at 55 mph, that's enough time to cover the length of a football field blindfolded. (CDC)
2. Ten percent of all drivers 15- to 19-years-old involved in fatal crashes were reported as distracted at the time of the crashes. This age group has the largest proportion of drivers distracted at the time of the crash. (NHTSA)
3. At any given daylight moment, approximately 685,000 drivers are using cell phones or manipulating electronic devices while driving, a number that has held steady since 2010. Experts feel this number will rise and most recent stats found that that 4,000 were killed in distracted driving accidents for a 12-month period. (NHTSA)
4. More than half (53%) of all adult cell phone owners have been on the giving or receiving end of a distracted walking encounter, i.e., like walking into oncoming traffic at intersections or into a decorative water pond in the center of a shopping mall. (PEW Research)
5. The National Safety Council (NSC) claims that distracted driving is the leading cause of fatal crashes, and 40% of all workplace fatalities involved transportation incidents (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics).
6. Teens can be the best messengers with their peers, so we encourage them to speak up when they see a friend driving while distracted. Have friends sign a pledge to never drive distracted, to become involved in their local Students Against Destructive Decisions chapter, and sharing messages on social media that remind their friends, family, and neighbors not to make the deadly choice to drive distracted. (NHTSA)
In summary, I received a nice letter from Linda Schwalm from Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) this week noting that because many in person AA meetings have been cancelled due to COVID, those in-person meetings are now taking place online at Zoom. There is an AA Meetings App easily available and she notes that through this pandemic, AA is now more cohesive, active, accessible and supportive than ever. So for those who seek support and have computer access, please take note.
We’ll end these holiday columns with a note from www.thezebra.com about texting while driving.
A The Zebra survey indicates that eight of every 10 Americans agree that texting and driving is an addiction.
We need more campaigns, starting in grade school, to be implemented to help curb the phone addictions. Educators are urged to contact the NHTSA for available campaigns and videos to address the problem before students receive their driver permits.
Drive safely and have a happy Christmas holiday season and New Year. Thanks DOT, NHTSA, NSC, CDC, Pew Research, The Zebra and the AAA for these statistics, graphics and estimates for our yearly safe driving column.
Greg Zyla writes weekly for More Content Now and Gannett Co. Inc. Contact him at email@example.com or at 303 Roosevelt St., Sayre, PA 18840.